Research & Analysis
Economic research at the IEA in the ensuing years will continue to address the fundamental issues relating to:
- Macroeconomic Issues and Policy Framework
- The Real Sector of the Economy: GDP growth
- The External Sector and Issues of Diversification
- Natural Resource Management: Oil and Gas
- Financial Management
- Governance Institutions
In research and analysis, IEA seeks to promote and engage in robust debate on key economic policy issues confronting Ghana and Africa as a whole. Our areas of focus include:
- Economic Growth and Employment
- Fiscal Regimes in the Mining Industry
- Governance and Efficiency in the Oil and Gas Sector
- Governance and Parliamentary Performance
- Promoting Effective Public Financial Management
- Legislative Issues
- National Development Planning and Sustainable Development
- Effects of Socio-Economic Activities on the Environment
- Promoting Evidence-based Socio-economic Policies
We translate academic research and analysis on selected policy issues into accessible and understandable information. We also undertake and analyse surveys to ensure that broader public opinion is taken into account in the policy development process. Surveys (and polls) are an important tool for gauging public opinion on national issues. In that sense, they contribute to the achievement of efficient economic management and democratic governance, tenets that we hold dear and seek to promote. Our regular publications include:
- Monographs: Issue specific publications on topics of national interest
- Ghana Policy Journal: The first internationally acclaimed policy journal of Ghana
- Governance Newsletter: An analysis of governance issues confronting Ghana and the region.
- Legislative Alert Series: Review and analysis of existing legislative policies and recommendations for change
- Policy Analysis: Critically examines pressing public policy issues and outlines reform proposals
- Public Opinion: The results and analysis of surveys are released through the IEA’s Public Opinion series.
- Occasional Papers: Analytical piece of research work providing detailed analysis and insight into specific governance/ economic issues.
- Annual Economic Review & Outlook Report: Insight and analysis of the state of the nation’s economy
- Conference Reports: Detailed reports on IEA conference programs
- Constitutional Review Series: A specialist series of articles by eminent scholars and practitioners addressing topical constitutional issues that have been raised as part of the Constitutional Review Process.
- Parliamentary Performance Review: An annual publication which monitors, assesses and reviews the performance of Parliament against its constitutional obligations
- Annual State of Governance Report: An annual report which compiles and analyses nationwide polls or surveys on key governance indicators
Our publications are written by an array of scholars of international repute and circulated to a cross-section of organisations and individuals including the Presidency, judiciary, legislature, policy makers, academics, the clergy, traditional rulers, students and the media.
Advice & Advocacy
Bridging the world of ideas and action, the IEA translates academic research and analysis on policy issues into more practical information, and makes recommendations for policy makers. Over the years our professional, robust and impartial work has earned us a strong reputation as a leader and facilitator in policy debates.
Through a series of policy fora and roundtable discussions, the IEA brings together a diverse range of stakeholders (Parliamentarians, Ministers of State, Business Leaders, Representatives of Donor Countries, Academics and Civil Society) to deliberate on policy issues of national significance. These have included the Ghana Political Parties Program (GPPP) and West African Regional Program for Political Parties (WARPPP).
We have developed a long and proud tradition in engaging directly with the key players in Ghana to promote good governance and have been active, through a range of programmes, in ensuring that Ghana’s elections are transparent and involve a robust debate on policy issues.
Some of our key achievements in policy advice and advocacy have been:
- In 2012, The Presidential Transition Bill, drafted by The IEA as part of the GPPP, was passed by Parliament
- In 2011, The Petroleum Revenue Management Act, which was prepared with significant input from the IEA, setting out the framework for the management of Ghana’s oil and gas revenues, was passed by Parliament.
- In 2008, The IEA organised the first ever debate between Vice-Presidential candidates, as well as the first Presidential debate to include representatives from all political parties with parliamentary representation.
- In 2008, the Public Funding of Political Parties Bill and the Political Parties Bill were passed in parliament; both drafted by the IEA.
- In 2003, Cabinet approved the Whistle Blowers Bill and the Right to Information Bill, which originated from the Institute. The Whistle Blowers Bill was passed into law in 2006 by Parliament.
- In 2001, The IEA won the campaign against the Criminal Libel Law, after persistent advocacy for its repeal.
Having identified institutional weakness as a common phenomenon in Ghana, the IEA has designed strategies to build and strengthen the institutional capacity of key governance institutions to enable them play their proper roles in the strengthening of democracy and constitutionalism. Among beneficiaries of the capacity-building workshops and programs are Parliament, District Assemblies and MPs, the media, Judiciary and civil society groups.
The IEA has developed a number of strategic interventions in relation to the Legislature including:
- Legislative Assistants Programme: The IEA recruited and trained research assistants to provide support to the MPs in their functions within the legislature. Parliament has formalized the research assistants, with some working at the office of the Clerk of Parliament.
- Technical Workshops: Committees of Parliament were provided with critical information on the policy implications of Bills and Contracts before the house. Training was also offered to members of the Public Accounts Committee of Parliament to enhance their role as watchdogs of the public purse.
- Speakers Breakfast Forum: Under the aegis of the Speaker of Parliament, the forum brings together civil society activists, opinion leaders and the leadership of Parliament to engage in public discourse
- Orientation Workshops: MPs are taken through orientation programmes to empower them to appreciate the provisions of the 1992 Constitution, the Standing Orders and Procedures of Parliament. The activity has been formalized and institutionalized by Parliament, with MPs undergoing regular orientation programs.
Achievements in this area have included:
- Formation and training of National Domestic Observers (NADEO) in 1996; the first election observer body to be established in Ghana.
- Developing a manual on Women’s participation in politics and governance, aimed at increasing women’s presence in politics and demanding a percentage.